Are Hand Fractures Dangerous?

Are Hand Fractures Dangerous?

Richy PS
14:382024/04/02

1. Hand bone anatomy

The hand bone or the humerus is structured as follows:

* Clavicle: The position of the clavicle is the joint connecting the arm with the shoulder blade, in an S shape creating the front part of the shoulder girdle. This is also the part of the bone that is more susceptible to fractures than other locations.

Anatomy Chapter 8: Wrist & Hand Diagram Diagram | Quizlet

The structure of the hand bones is quite complex

* Shoulder bone: Has a flattened triangle shape and is located next to the collarbone. This bone is also called the shoulder spine.
* Humerus: Is the bone from the shoulder down to the elbow, consisting of two heads (one head connects to the shoulder joint, one head connects to the forearm bone) and a body, with a straight and long shape.
* Forearm bones: In addition to bones, this part also has a tendon membrane.
* Wrist bones: Formed by many different types of bones. The wrist is calculated from the neck to the hand: Therefore, this bone includes the bones of the knuckles. In particular, the number of finger joints is not fixed, varying from 2-3.
* Shoulder and arm joints: The effect of this joint is to help rotate and move. Therefore, we can easily raise our arms and rotate our shoulder joints.

2. Symptoms of a broken hand bone

When breaking a hand bone, the patient may have the following symptoms:
* Pain in the arm area.
* Reduced mobility or difficulty moving.
* The injured arm makes a strange sound.
* Hands are swollen and bruised.
* The arm angle flexion area is deformed.
* Unable to stretch wrists and fingers, drooping hands, etc.

In addition to the above clinical manifestations, the doctor may instruct the patient to have an X-ray, CT scan, or MRI scan to clearly identify the patient. damage to the arm area.

3. Is hand fracture dangerous?

People with broken arm or hand bones need to be examined carefully to clearly determine the level of damage and the cause of the fracture to provide appropriate treatment. If not treated early, it can cause dangerous complications as follows:

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Casting when having a broken hand bone

* Radial nerve paralysis: Mostly functional paralysis. Patients can recover after about 3 to 4 months.
* Bone fusion with poor posture: This is a condition where the bone heals but causes the angle to bend 20 to 30 degrees or leads to limb shortening from 2 to 3cm. However, this condition rarely causes serious sequelae.
* Bone nonunion: This complication is often seen in cases of open fractures, severe trauma, loose fragments, surgery but immobility. In addition, people with a higher risk of bone non-union than other people are obese people, alcoholics, people with multiple injuries, people with metastatic cancer or people being treated with corticosteroids.
* Infection without bone union: Common in cases of open fractures.
* Nonunion of bones with bone defects of 5cm or more requires re-surgical intervention.
* Vascular complications: A common complication in cases of open fractures. In case of suspected vascular damage, the doctor will order an angiogram to clearly know the location and extent of the damage in order to perform timely recovery.

3. Instructions for caring for patients with hand fractures  

Different treatment methods will be prescribed for each different case. Among them, popular methods can be mentioned as follows:
* Conservative treatment using cast method: Usually applied to cases of closed and non-displaced fractures.
* Surgical treatment: Usually applied to cases of open fractures, with neurovascular damage, etc. 

How to care for patients with hand fractures:
Lifestyle:
* Raise your arms above your heart to reduce edema.
* Get enough sleep and don't stay up late.
* Do not exercise too much in the broken arm area.
* Do not use medication without a doctor's prescription.
* If there are unusual symptoms, you should contact your doctor as soon as possible.
Diet:
* Do not eat too much salt, abstain from alcohol and tobacco, and do not use drinks containing caffeine and carbonated soft drinks.
* You should eat enough nutrients to help your body recover quickly and the bone healing process happens faster.
* Some groups of substances that need to be prioritized for supplementation are Protein, Calcium, vitamin D, fiber, iron, potassium, etc.
* You should drink plenty of water every day.

4. How to prevent hand bone injuries

It is impossible to completely prevent possible injuries to the hand bones, however, if you apply the following measures, you can also somewhat reduce the risk of bone fractures:
* Eat enough nutrients to keep your bones strong, prioritize calcium supplementation and regularly sunbathe to supplement vitamin D from the sun, supporting calcium absorption.

The Best Sports Protection Gear to Prevent Injury

Wear protective gear when playing sports

* Prevent tripping and falling by: Wearing shoes that fit your foot size, installing handrails on stairs and bathrooms, ensuring the living space is always well-lit,...
* Make sure to use protective gear when participating in sports such as basketball, skateboarding, soccer, volleyball,... or while working.
* Don't smoke: Toxic substances in cigarette smoke can reduce bone density and increase the risk of bone fractures. Besides, smoking also causes broken bones to heal more slowly.
* Exercise: Regularly exercising properly will help your bones become more flexible, stronger and reduce the risk of bone fractures. You should consult your doctor and trainer to choose exercises suitable for your health condition.